A large site of Meroitic ruins date back to the 3rd century BC, Musawwarat es-Sufra is constructed in sandstone and made up of temple complexes. Not an island in the typical sense, the Island of Meroë is a semi-desert landscape in Nubia, the ancient region between the Nile and Atbara rivers in modern Sudan.
The area contains 3 ancient sites (including Musawwarat es-Sufra) that represent the centre of the Kingdom of Kush, which flourished between 270 BC - 350 AD and whose empire extended from the Mediterranean to the heart of Africa.
Located some 150 kilometres north-east of Khartoum, the archaeological sites of the Island of Meroë, including Musawwarat es-Sufra, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Zamani Project team spatially documented the five temples of the Great Enclosure of Musawwarat es-Sufra as well as the nearby Apedemak (or Lion Temple) in 2009 and 2018.