Polonnaruwa was established as the capital of the Chola dynasty in the 10th century and was the second capital of Sri Lanka after the destruction of Anuradhapura.
It comprises the ruins of the fabulous garden-city created by Parakramabahu I in the 12th century and what is known as the Quadrangle - a compact and concentrated group of ruins on a raised area that is bound by a wall. The Ancient City of Polonnaruwa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Zamani Project spatially documented the Ancient City of Polonnaruwa in 2019. Structures documented include Gal Vihara; Kiri Vihera; Lankatilaka Vihara and the 11 structures of the Quadrangle: the Vatadage; Hatadage; Atadage; Recumbent-house; Chapter House; Gal Pota; Satmahal Prasada; Bodhisattva Shrine; Latha Mandapaya; Bodhi Tree Shrine and Thuparama Gedige.
The central feature of the temple is four rock relief statues of the Buddha, which have been carved into the face of a large granite rock.