Between the 13th - 17th centuries, Ethiopian rulers moved their royal camps frequently, but King Fasilides settled in Gondar and established it as a permanent capital in 1636. Fasil Ghebbi was developed into a fortified compound surrounded by a 900 metre long wall and contained palaces, churches, monasteries and other buildings.
The site reflects both Hindu and Arab influences, with some Baroque elements, which arrived in Gondar through Jesuit missionaries. The fortified compound of Fasil Ghebbi remained the capital until its decline in the late 18th century. Fasil Ghebbi is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The spatial documentation of Fasil Ghebbi took place during the Zamani Project field campaign in 2018. The spatially documented monuments include the Castle of Emperor Fasilides, the Bakaffa Castle, Dawit III’s Hall, the Castle of Emperor Iyasu, the Royal Library, the Chancellery, the Royal Archive Building as well as Stables and Lion Cages.
Emperor Fasilides' castle, founded by him in the 17th century. Fasilides (20 November 1603 – 18 October 1667), also known as Fasil or Basilide, was emperor of Ethiopia from 1632 to 18 October 1667, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. His throne name was ʿAlam Sagad, meaning "to whom the world bows". He was the son of Emperor Susenyos I and Empress Sultana Mogesa, born at Magazaz in Bulga, Shewa, before 10 November 1603. His paternal grandfather's name was also Fasilides. (Wikipedia)
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